Actions Status

Abstract

The way people are working is purportedly changing, yet, amidst all the buzzwords of “Work 2.0”, “Industry 4.0” and “Digital Economy”, even amongst experts, there is little agreement on just what the future workplace will look like, let alone how it should look like. In addition, people may also disagree in their policization concerning the future of labor, that is, how much it matters what we want from the future of labor.

We employ the Labouratory QWrks approach as a rigorous, but open-ended analytical tool to inform, structure and survey such multidimensional political subjectivity. Around 150 students and experts were surveyed during a conference and two seminars on the topic held in 2016 and 2017 in Germany. They were asked to rank order statements drawn from the related literature on the future of labor characterizing their probable and desirable future workplaces, respectively.

Using an n-mode generalisation of Principal Components Analysis (PCA), three shared viewpoints across both beliefs and values are extracted.

In a preliminary interpretation, pending additional fieldwork until the conference, viewpoints differentiate sharply between desired and probable future workplaces, implying a high degree of politicization. A “fulfilment / constrained” factor seeks harmoneous personal and professional fulfillment, but worries about probable constraints. A “live-to-work / held-back” factor rejects the separation of personal and professional ambitions, and expects to be held back by more traditional organisations. A separate “9-to-5” factor does not greatly differentiate between the two conditions of instruction, and holds an overall less ambitious outlook.

Method

Items

Data

## Warning in `[<-.factor`(`*tmp*`, iseq, value = "Biene_Maja"): invalid
## factor level, NA generated

## Warning in `[<-.factor`(`*tmp*`, iseq, value = "Biene_Maja"): invalid
## factor level, NA generated

## Warning in `[<-.factor`(`*tmp*`, iseq, value = "Biene_Maja"): invalid
## factor level, NA generated

Studienanleitung (Condition of Instruction)

Vielen Dank, dass Sie an unserer Studie über die Subjektivität zur Arbeit teilnehmen.

Stellen Sie sich vor, Sie treffen sich in einige Jahre nach ihrem Abschluss erneut mit ihren Kommilitoninnen und Kommilitonen. Sie kommen ins Gespräch, und reflektieren über ihre zukünftige Arbeit.

Bitte beantworten Sie uns in dieser fiktiven Situation zwei Fragen, in dieser Reihenfolge:

    1. Was möchten Sie dann über ihre Arbeit sagen können, also wie soll ihre Arbeit der Zukunft aussehen?
    1. Was werden Sie wahrscheinlich über ihre Arbeit sagen können, also wie wird ihre Arbeit der Zukunft aussehen?

Sortieren Sie die folgenden Aussagen danach, wie sehr sie auf ihre fiktive zukünftive Einschätzung ihrer Arbeit zutreffen.

Bitte beachten Sie dabei:

  • Es gibt keine richtigen oder falschen Sortierungen. Ihre subjektive Einstellung und Interpretation zu den Aussagen auf den Karten zählt.
  • Wenn Sie ein Item nicht verstehen, es Ihnen sinnlos erscheint oder Sie der Aussage ambivalent gegenüber stehen, sortieren Sie zwischen ihre positiven (zutreffenden) und negativen (nicht zutreffenden) Items oder über den Nullpunkt in der Mitte. In beiden Fällen werden wir Ihre Sortierung entsprechend in der Analyse berücksichtigen. Auch wenn Sie zu einem Item keine klare Einstellung haben, ist das für uns eine wichtige Information und Ausdruck Ihrer legitimen Subjektivität.
  • Der Nullpunkt auf der Schablone ist bedeutungslos. Der Wert –1 muss etwa nicht heißen, dass Sie einer dort gelegten Karte widersprechen; es deutet lediglich an, dass sie einer dort gelegten Karte weniger zustimmen als einer bei 0 gelegten Karte. Nur relative Positionen der Karten zählen.
  • Nur die horizontale Position (von links nach rechts) der Karten ist bedeutsam. Die vertikale Position (von oben oder unten) innerhalb einer Spalte sagt nichts aus.
  • Alle Karten müssen gelegt werden, und alle Felder belegt.
  • Notieren Sie sich jederzeit Anmerkungen oder Ergänzungen zu den einzelnen Karten, auf dem separaten Feedback-Bogen.
  • Sie können unten stehend auch eigene Aussagen für zukünftige Q-Sortierungen vorschlagen. Diese neuen Karten können Sie allerdings dieses Mal noch nicht in der Sortierung berücksichtigen.

Bitte gehen Sie nun auf die Website http://labouratory.de/qsort um an der Erhebung teilzunehmen.

Eigene Vorschläge für Items

Durchgang A Positiv

Bitte nennen Sie uns ein fehlendes Item, dass Sie für wünschenswert gehalten hätten. (Also ein Item, das im Durchgang a) ganz rechts gelegen hätte).

Durchgang A Negativ

Bitte nennen Sie uns ein fehlendes Item, dass Sie für nicht wünschenswert gehalten hätten. (Also ein Item, das im Durchgang a) ganz links gelegen hätte).

Durchgang B Positiv

Bitte nennen Sie uns ein fehlendes Item, dass Sie für wahrscheinlich gehalten hätten. (Also ein Item, das im Durchgang b) ganz rechts gelegen hätte).

Durchgang B Negativ

Bitte nennen Sie uns ein fehlendes Item, dass Sie für nicht wahrscheinlich gehalten hätten. (Also ein Item, das im Durchgang b) ganz links gelegen hätte).

Analysis

Correlations

We first consider simply the correlations of the Q-datamatrix, that is, the correlations between people-variables across item_cases. To at least approximate the ordinal (not interval) nature of the Q data collection, especially under a forced distribution, the correlations are calculated using Spearman’s \(\rho\), not the customary Pearson’s \(\rho\).

## Warning in bind_rows_(x, .id): Unequal factor levels: coercing to character
## Warning in bind_rows_(x, .id): binding character and factor vector,
## coercing into character vector

## Warning in bind_rows_(x, .id): binding character and factor vector,
## coercing into character vector
## Warning in bind_rows_(x, .id): Unequal factor levels: coercing to character
## Warning in bind_rows_(x, .id): binding character and factor vector,
## coercing into character vector

## Warning in bind_rows_(x, .id): binding character and factor vector,
## coercing into character vector

Typical for some Q data, there are also less negative correlations than positive correlations, indicating that people do not, on the surface, hold polar opposite as beliefs.

Factor Extraction

## Warning in cor.smooth(R): Matrix was not positive definite, smoothing was
## done
## Warning in cor.smooth(r): Matrix was not positive definite, smoothing was
## done
## Warning in fa.stats(r = r, f = f, phi = phi, n.obs = n.obs, np.obs
## = np.obs, : The estimated weights for the factor scores are probably
## incorrect. Try a different factor extraction method.
## Warning in cor.smooth(r): Matrix was not positive definite, smoothing was
## done
## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped
## Parallel analysis suggests that the number of factors =  NA  and the number of components =  2
## Warning in cor.smooth(R): Matrix was not positive definite, smoothing was
## done
## Warning in cor.smooth(r): Matrix was not positive definite, smoothing was
## done
## Warning in fa.stats(r = r, f = f, phi = phi, n.obs = n.obs, np.obs
## = np.obs, : The estimated weights for the factor scores are probably
## incorrect. Try a different factor extraction method.
## Warning in cor.smooth(r): Matrix was not positive definite, smoothing was
## done

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped
## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Warning in arrows(i, ycen - ci * yse, i, ycen + ci * yse, length =
## arrow.len, : zero-length arrow is of indeterminate angle and so skipped

## Parallel analysis suggests that the number of factors =  NA  and the number of components =  3
## Warning in cor.smooth(r): Matrix was not positive definite, smoothing was
## done

## Warning in cor.smooth(r): Matrix was not positive definite, smoothing was
## done
## $desirable

## 
## $probable

Factor Scores

## Warning in cor.smooth(r): Matrix was not positive definite, smoothing was
## done

## Warning in cor.smooth(r): Matrix was not positive definite, smoothing was
## done
## Warning in bind_rows_(x, .id): Unequal factor levels: coercing to character
## Warning in bind_rows_(x, .id): binding character and factor vector,
## coercing into character vector

## Warning in bind_rows_(x, .id): binding character and factor vector,
## coercing into character vector

## Warning: Removed 17 rows containing non-finite values
## (stat_density_ridges).

References